Tuesday, December 16, 2014

“A Kidnapped Santa Claus” by L. Frank Baum Reading Questions 
12.15.14


1.  Who is the protagonist?  Who is the antagonist?
-The protagonist would be Santa Claus; the antagonist would be the five daemons.

2. What is the conflict?
-Because Santa Claus causes children to behave properly, the five daemons resent him for they are unable to have children visit their caves if they are not filled with hatred, envy, selfishness, malice, and repentance. Due to this resentment the five daemons plan on kidnapping Santa in order to bring a revival to their caves.

3.  What is the setting?
-The story takes place in Laughing Valley, and the five caves. It also takes place in Christmas Eve.

4.  To what genre would you say this story belongs?  Why?
-This story belongs in the fantasy genre because fantasy is a genre where internal problems are externalized, and in the story the five daemons represent internal problems which are externalized in their characters.

5.  What do you notice about Baum’s writing style? 
-Baum's style is meant for children; it is simple and contains a fairytale-like flow. 

6.  Who are the Daemons?  How are they labeled?  Why are they named so?
-The daemons are five are five creatures who resent Santa. They are called the daemon of selfishness, the daemon of malice, the daemon of hatred, the daemon of repentance, and the daemon of envy. Each daemon represents internal problems that each human can embody.

7.  What familiar seasonal elements are used in the story?  What unfamiliar elements are there?
-Sleighs, reindeers, and a christmas trees were all elements mentioned in the story that we recognized. However, in the story his little helpers are different than what we are used to. Also we are introduced to Santa Claus' castle in the Laughing Valley, contrary to what we are used to, the north pole.

8.  What are some variations of this story that have been retold in the last few years?
-The Grinch and the Nightmare before Christmas are just a few stories that have been retold in the last few years.

9.  Are there any parts of the story that help to define Santa Claus as a character?  Does he make any tough decisions or risk something valuable?
-Santa Claus' sadness for not getting to the children, and his reluctancy to see any bad qualities in people show Santa Claus' true qualities.

10.  How does Santa escape the cave?
-One of the daemons lets him go.

Tuesday, December 9, 2014

Reflection Questions on Poetry II

“Ozymandias”

1.  What is the condition of the statue?
-The statue is ruined and in shambles.
2.  What is ironic about the boast inscribed on the statue?
-The writing inscribed on the statue is basically saying how you should feast upon the beauty of his kingdom. In reality the kingdom has been destroyed along with the statue.
3.  What do you think is the intended meaning of the poem?
-Stay humble because everything eventually perishes.

“The Second Coming”

4.  What is the tone of the poem?
-The tone is very eery, and depressing.
5. What object does the poem refer to in the second stanza that has “a gaze as blank and as pitiless as the sun”?
-The object was the sphynx.
6. What does the allusion to “Bethlehem” in the last line signify?
-It was the birthplace of Jesus, and now in reference to the poem it would be the birthplace of the devil.

“Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night”

7.  What is the tone of the poem?
-The tone is loving, but sad.
8. What does the speaker mean when he/she pairs the two opposites, “curse, bless me”?
-You can hate me or love me, just please do not die.

“The World is Too Much With Us”

9.  How does the speaker of the poem suggest we “lay waste our powers”?
-We waste our time on irrelevant things, such as getting and spending.
10.  What powers might that be?
-Knowledge, creativity, and free will.

“My Mistress’ Eyes are Nothing Like the Sun”

11.  What is the tone of the poem?
-The tone of the poem is a happy one, although it is full of sarcasm and insults.
12.  How does this poem differ from typical love poems?  
-The poem is bashing his mistress' beauty something that is usually not seen when writing a poem.

Monday, December 1, 2014

December 1, 2014

“The Gift of the Magi” Questions for Critical Reading
Review these questions. Take time to create your responses.

  1. What instances of irony exist in the short story? 
  • In the story Della cuts off her hair in order to get Jim a chain for his watch, and Jim sells his watch in order to get Della combs for her hair. This can be seen as situational irony.

2. Why would O. Henry put an emphasis on the number three for the story? 
-The story has three main characters: Della, Jim, and Madame Sophronie 
-Della counts her money three times (para. 1). 
-The narrator says that “Life is made up of sobs, sniffles, and smiles” (para. 2). 
-A reference is made to the Queen of Sheba, who gave King Solomon three types
of gifts: spices, gold, and jewels. 
-A sentence in para. 5 states, “She stood by the window and looked out dully at
a grey cat walking a grey fence in a grey backyard.” 
-The narrator alliteratively describes Della as speaking with “sudden serious
sweetness.” 
-The story centers on three valuables: Jim’s gold watch, Della’s hair, and the love
that Jim and Della share. 

-There is an emphasis on the number three because the magi was a group of three wisemen (mentioned on page nine). The whole moral of the story is surrounded by the magi.

3.  Who is the protagonist? Who or what is the antagonist? 
-Della and Jim are the protagonists of the story. The antagonist of the story was poverty.

4. How would the story change if the setting were different? Would this be an effective story if it were set in today’s time? 
-I feel that the story wouldn’t really change if the setting were different. Nowadays people still sacrifice a lot for one another or for a better cause. I think that the cherished items would be updated and possibly more technologically based, but regardless I feel there are Della’s and Jim’s all over this world.

5. Is there foreshadowing in the story? 
-There is foreshadowing present in the title of the story, and in the elaborate descriptions of Della’s and Jim’s prized possessions.

6. Does the story end the way that you expect? Why or why not? 
-The story does indeed end the way I expected. I feel this way because, regardless of the gifts either one received I expected them to both appreciate the lengths their significant other went through to obtain that said gift. I expected to story to end happily and with a positive vibe. And although the path was different, the end of the story was one that I expected.

7. Several passages in the story give subtle clues about Jim. Identify at least three passages that reveal aspects of Jim’s character and explain their significance.  
  • In the last paragraph on page five the narrator mentions that the watch mimicked Jim, because they both acquired a quietness and value to them. This tells you that Jim is valued by his wife, and he is also a docile soul
  • In the middle of page seven the narrator mentions that Jim was never late. This tells you that Jim is a very punctual man.

8.  What does the story teach about sacrifice?
-The story teaches us that sacrifice is enviable but if you love someone enough, if you are willing to do anything for that person, the sacrifice will forever be worth it. 

9.  If you had to teach this story as an example of good literature, what elements would you emphasize to your classes?
-The story sets the setting, elaborates on details, and leaves you guessing until the very end. As a teacher key points, hooking the reader and thinking outside of the box in your elaborations, would definitely be stressed. Another element that I would emphasize is the version of narration. The narrator was quite involved with the reader, he made statements directly to us.

Monday, November 17, 2014

"Young Goodman Brown"
November 17, 2014

1.How does the setting add to the meaning of the story: sunset and night, dreary road, gloomiest trees, narrow path creeping through, lonely, peculiarity in solitude? How does this imagery create the mood? How does this mood help us predict the nature of Young Goodman Brown’s journey?
- Not only is the setting eerie, but we all affiliate Salem with witches and witch craft. This adds to the subliminal message of eerie satanistic actions. This imagery gives a creepy dark mood. The eerie descriptions foreshadow that Y.G.B. is going on a creepy adventure.

2. .Discuss the significance of "Faith kept me back awhile."
-This has two meanings. 1) Faith, his wife, actually kept him back. 2) He was blinded by his faith in everyone and because of this he was kept back from the truth.

3.Why do you think Faith wore pink ribbons? Hint: think of the connotation of colors.
-We usually affiliate innocence with pink, and when Faith's pink ribbons were found by Y.G.B. it was as if her innocence was no longer.

4.Discuss the significance of the second traveller (sic.), ". . . apparently in the same rank of life as Goodman Brown and bearing a considerable resemblance to him, though perhaps more in expression than features. Still they might have been taken for father and son." Is he Brown’s alter ego?
-Y.G.B. may have been the younger version of his companion...the Devil, if he continues to have no faith.

5.Interpret the description of the staff "which bore the likeness of a great black snake, so curiously wrought that it might almost be seen to twist and wriggle like a living serpent. This, of course, must have been an ocular deception, assisted by the uncertain light." Why the uncertainty?
-He may have let fear affect his vision, and also the darkness could have done so.

6. When the fellow traveller states, "I have been well acquainted with your family... I helped your grandfather, the constable, when he lashed the Quaker woman so smartly through the streets of Salem. ... The deacons of many a church have drunk wine with me; the select men of divers town make me their chairman; and a majority of the Great and General Court are firm believers of my interest," what do we begin to understand about him? Though this character, what is Hawthorne telling us about evil?
-Evil is in everyone.

7. Discuss the meaning(s): "My Faith is gone!”
-Y.G.B had loss his wife, and he had loss his faith.

8.Describe what Goodman Brown saw when he arrived at the meeting – the grave, reputable, and pious people, the chaste dames and dewy virgins, the revered pastor, and that the good "shrank not from the wicked." Discuss the meaning.
-You couldn't tell the difference between the bad and the good. They was no uncomfortable vibe given from the evil to the good.

9.The dark figure states, "Welcome, my children, to the communion of your race. Ye have found thus young your nature and your destiny." What do you think this means?
-It is everyone's nature to be evil, and this is the inevitable.

10.  How does Goodman Brown treat people the next day? What happens to him? Why?
-Y.G.B is scared of the people in the town. He snatches the little girl from Deacon Gooken.

11."Young Goodman Brown" is a moral allegory. Essentially, an allegory is an extended metaphor using one thing to represent another – a story with dual meanings. Therefore, there is a surface or literal meaning as well as a secondary meaning. In other words, Hawthorne uses this moral allegory to reveal a moral lesson or lessons. Discuss the moral lesson(s) you discover in the story.

Monday, November 3, 2014


MONKEY'S PAW
Nov. 3, 2014


1. What is the first clue that the monkey’s paw is not a good thing?
-Sgt. Major Moris warns that the monkey's paw is not good and throws it into the fire.

2. What is the second clue that something is not right about the paw?
-The monkey's paw was dried like a mummy.

3. What is ironic about the wish? (Something is ironic when the thing that
happens is the exact opposite from what you had expected.)
-Every wish comes with a curse, or a consequence.

4. Why does the mother think the second wish will make everything right?
-She thinks that the wish will bring her son back, but she doesn't understand the monkey's paw curse.

5. Why is the father afraid to make the second wish?
-He understands the monkey's paw curse.

6. What do you think the third wish was? Why do you think this?
-The third wish was for the son to go away, because the father realized how literally the monkey's paw takes the wishes.

7. Why does the story start with the father and son playing chess? Does the father’s strategy at the chess game tell you anything about his personality? If so, what?
-The story starts out with the father and son playing chess to represent how the father takes unnecessary risks. Yes, it does because just like the chess game, he gambled with fate and fate won.

8.Sergeant Major Morris describes the monkey's paw in this way: "It had a spell put on it by an old fakir,...a very holy man. He wanted to show that fate ruled people’s lives, and that those who interfered with it did so to their sorrow. " What does Morris’ statement mean when you first read it? What does it mean after you have read the entire story? Is his comment significant? If so, why?
-In the beginning the message of the quote basically means that messing with fate ends up in tragedy. After reading the story, the same analysis reins true. but it is just more severe. Yes this comment reins true because every action you do has a consequence.

9.Why does Major Morris throw the monkey's paw onto the fire and why do the Whites react so strongly?
-He is so depressed and mad with the monkey's paw, and the Whites only see the shiny ball in front of them, not the poison that the monkey's paw truly is.

10.What happens to Herbert White?
-He gets mauled by a machine at his work.

11.  What do you think happened at the end of the story? Why does Mr. White beg his wife not to let "it" into the house? What does he mean? What is he afraid of? Who or what was outside of the house?
-I think that the late Herbert is the thing that is waiting outside. Mr. White calls his son it. because it is not his son. It is the awaken body of his dead son. Nothing was outside.


12.What makes Jacobs' style of writing unique? Read the following passage and think about how he puts his words together to create a mood. Underline words or passages that seem important to you.

"...and a horrible fear that his wish would bring his mangled son before him ere he could escape from the room seized upon him , and he caught his breath as he found he had lost the direction of the door. His brow cold with sweat, he felt his way around the table, and groped along the wall until he found himself in the small passage with the unwholesome thing in his hand."

13.How does Jacobs set the mood and/or tone of the story? How does he build suspense? Think about the way he uses silence as a way to create a mood. What does he describe at the end as the husband and wife lie in bed waiting for their wish to come true?

-He adds an eery tone, and chilling words to set a suspenseful tone and mood throughout the story.

Monday, October 13, 2014

Masque Reflection Questions

10.13.14
Reflection Questions on “Masque of the Red Death”

1.  What is the setting for the story?
-This story takes place in Prince Prosperos' Castle before the 18th century.

2.  What is the mood instilled in the reader?
-A mood of terror is instilled in the reader.

Definition of Irony
Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that may end up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. In simple words, it is a difference between the appearance and the reality.

Types of Irony
On the grounds of the above definition, we distinguish two basic kinds of irony i.e. verbal irony and situational irony. A verbal irony involves what one does not mean. When in response to a foolish idea, we say, “what a great idea!” it is a verbal irony. A situational irony occurs when, for instance, a man is chuckling at the misfortune of the other even when the same misfortune, in complete unawareness, is befalling him.

Difference between Dramatic Irony and Situational Irony
Dramatic irony is a kind of irony in a situation, which the writers frequently employ in their works. In situational irony, both the characters and the audience are fully unaware of the implications of the real situation. In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation but the audience is not. For example, in “Romeo and Juliet”, we know much before the characters that they are going to die. In real life circumstances, irony may be comical, bitter or sometimes unbearably offensive.

EXAMPLES
We come across the following lines in Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet”, Act I, Scene V.
“Go ask his name: if he be married.
My grave is like to be my wedding bed.”
Juliet commands her nurse to find out who Romeo was and says if he were married, then her wedding bed would be her grave. It is a verbal irony because the audience knows that she is going to die on her wedding bed.
Fortunato means “lucky one” in Italian.  This is ironic because he is not so fortunate at the end of the story.

  I posted a video on YouTube about how boring and useless YouTube is. 
  The name of Britain’s biggest dog was “Tiny”. 
  You laugh at a person who slipped stepping on a banana peel and the next thing you know, you slipped too.

Function of Irony
Like all other figures of speech, Irony brings about some added meanings to a situation. Ironical statements and situations in literature develop readers’ interest. Irony makes a work of literature more intriguing and forces the readers to use their imagination and comprehend the underlying meanings of the texts. Moreover, real life is full of ironical expressions and situations. Therefore, the use of irony brings a work of literature closer to the life.

3.  What irony takes place in the story?  List them.
-Prince Prospero throws a party because he believes he has not be claimed by the plague, but in the end he dies from the plague.
-The color of the rooms represent the colors a person turns while having the plague.
-Prince Prosperos' name is ironic because he was not prosperous at the end of the story.

4.  What significance do colors play in the tale?
-The colors signify the different colors and stages a person turns when having the plague.

5.  What does the clock symbolize? What does the chiming of the clock interrupt?  What does this remind the people of?
-The clock symbolized the passing of time leading to death. The chiming of the clock interrupted the party. This reminded the people of their mortality.

6.  Based on what they are trying to avoid, why is it so unacceptable that someone is dressing up like Death?  
-The people were throwing a party celebrating life and life without the plague, and someone dressing up like death puts a damper on the mood by reminding everyone of the death that is happening outside the castle (the death from the plague).

Definition of Style
The style in writing can be defined as the way a writer writes and it is the technique which an individual author uses in his writing. It varies from author to author and depends upon one’s syntax, word choice, and tone. It can also be described as a voice that readers listen to when they read the work of a writer.

7. In what manner of style does the narrator tell this story?  What does the narration sound like?
-The narrator tells this story in 1st person, it ultimately sounds like a fairytale (giving someone a lesson).

8.  What do you notice different from this story’s narrative style and the one found in “Cask of Amontillado”?
-In the "Masque of the Red Death" it is told as a fairytale to teach us a lesson, while in the "Cask of Amontillado" the narrator was confessing and bragging about what he did 50 years back.

9.  What moral might “Masque” be suggesting?
-The moral of this story is no one escapes death.


10.  Evaluate the level of horror in this story.  Are there elements that make it scary, or is the story outdated?
-This story does frighten me, because it can be reflected onto every disease and illness we have. A real world based situation would be Ebola, Swine-Flu, Cancer, ect. all of these illness can be synonymous to the red death.

Monday, September 29, 2014

September 29, 2014

“Cask of Amontillado” Reflection Questions


1. How many characters does Poe include in The Cask of Amontillado? What are their names?
-Two; Montresor and Fortunato


2. What drink are the French most famous for?
-Wine

3. Does Montresor have something of great value to him that we might consider to be his treasure? Hint: It is not the Amontillado wine (which is Spanish anyway, not French, and doesn't really exist-it is merely a trick to get Fortunato to go down into the catacombs). 
-Revenge is of great value to Montresor

4.  How did Fortunato cause Montresor to lose face in the story?
The third paragraph of the story appears in full below. Read it carefully and try to imagine how Fortunato might have insulted Montresor.

"He had a weak point—this Fortunato—although in other regards he was a man to be respected and even feared. He prided himself on his connoisseurship in wine. Few Italians have the true virtuoso spirit. For the most part their enthusiasm is adopted to suit the time and opportunity to practice imposture upon the British and Austrian millionaires. In painting and gemmary Fortunato, like his countrymen, was a quack, but in the matter of
old wines he was sincere. In this respect I did not differ from him materially;—I was skillful in the Italian vintages myself, and bought largely whenever I could."

-The story never says why Montresor seeks revenge on Fortuanto.

5. Does Montresor seem to have much respect for Italians? Which lines in the 
paragraph above reveal his contempt?
-No, Montresor refers to the Italians as quacks. Meaning someone is fake not genuine.

6. What was Fortunato's insult?
-Nope!


7. Why does Montresor entertain Fortunato with wines from his collection?
- Montresor entertains Fortuanto with wines while in the catacombs to get him drunk. Montresor does this so that Fortuanto is not able to fight back or realize what is going on.

8. In what two ways does Montresor imprison Fortunato?
-Montresor chains Fortunato to the wall and builds the wall.

The story, The Cask of Amontillado, first appeared in an anthology of Poe's
stories entitled Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque. Arabesque comes from the word Arab and refers to ornaments, decorations and motifs in Arabic art, where figures of flowers, fruits and sometimes animal outlines appear in elaborate patterns of interlaced lines. particularly those which have been borrowed by other cultures. Such arabesque patterns are reflected in some of the designs and motifs of the batik of Indonesia and Malaysia.
By analogy, then, an arabesque story is one of intricate design, which is told
through the use of fanciful language. Because arabesque graphic designs sometimes depict fantastic creatures, Poe and others also applied this term to tales that dealt with fantastic or supernatural happenings. Grotesque refers to something distorted, ugly, abnormal, fantastic, or bizarre to the point of being ludicrous or absurd. In a grotesque story, characters are physically or psychologically deformed and engage in actions that may be abnormal or comically absurd.

9.  In what ways is The Cask of Amontillado grotesque? First, which of Montresor's actions are abnormal?
-It is grotesque because the main character buries his enemy alive.

10. Is there anything grotesque about Fortunato?
-Fortuanto is rude, cocky, and he is mean enough to insult Montresor to the point that Montresor wanted to kill him.

11.  List three examples of foreshadowing in the story.
-“I’m not going to die from a cough,” says Fortuanto, “True—true” replied Montresor.
-Montresor and Fortuanto’s names.
-Montresor toasted to Fortuanto’s long life.

12.  What mood is imparted on the reader?
-A chilling, gloomy, eery mood is imparted on the reader.

13.  What is the setting of the story?
-The story takes place inside Montresor’s catacombs. At the time of Mardi Gras, or carnival.

Humor Hunt

There are also numerous comic touches that Poe adds to this grotesque tale. 
•Fortunato's name means lucky in Italian. This is ironic language play, as he was
hardly the lucky one in this story.
•Fortunato is dressed in a court jester's or fool's garb, complete with striped outfit
and cap and bells.
•The jingling of the bells of the cap in the catacombs.
•Montresor's exaggerated concern for Fortunato's health.
•A joke: Not knowing Montresor plans to kill him, Fortunato says, I shall not die of
a cough. To which Montresor replies, True-true.
•Pun: Montresor telling Fortunato he is a mason. (Fortunato was referring to
members of the society of Freemasons). Montresor reveals the trowel (a tool
used to apply mortar or cement) which he will use to build the wall which
entombs Fortunato.
•Fortunato's drunken condition.
•Fortunato bumping into the dead end of the niche where he will be entombed
and then looking bewildered.
•Fortunato's delirious laughter at the end.
•Another pun: Let us be gone. Montresor repeats Fortunato's words, not saying that they shall leave together, but that Fortunato will be gone from this life.

Poe and the Short Story
Testing Poe's Theory of the Short Story on his own writing
Many critics consider Poe to be the father of the modern short story. He was the first writer to define the short story as a distinct literary form. In a review of Nathaniel Hawthorne's anthology, Twice-Told Tales in Graham's Magazine, May 1842, he described his personal theory on how to construct a "tale":

"A skillful literary artist has constructed a tale. If wise, he has not fashioned his thoughts to accommodate his incidents: but having conceived, with deliberate care, a certain unique or single effect to be wrought out, he then invents such incidents—he then combines such events as may best aid him in establishing this preconceived effect. If his very initial sentence tends not to the outbringing of this effect, then he has failed in his first step. In the whole composition there should be no work written, of which the tendency, direct or indirect, is not to the one pre-established design. And by such means, with such care and skill, a picture is at length painted which leaves in the mind of him who contemplates it with a kindred art, a sense of the fullest satisfaction."

3 things Poe feels that are important in a short story.
Base story on one event.
First sentence must pull you in
The story should leave you feeling one clear way.

How well does Poe follow his own rules?
14. What is the single effect of the story on the reader?

-The story is shocking.

15. How do all incidents help Poe to establish this effect?

-Montresor buries Fortuanto in the wall. Montresor yells and screams back to Fortuanto while he is in the wall.

16. How does the first sentence bring out the horror of the tale?

-It clearly says that this is a tale about revenge, and as a reader you are eager to read on and see what is about to happen.

17. How does the whole story follow a single pre-established design?

-Montresor brings Fortuanto down to the catacombs, and kills him.

18. Does the reader feel satisfied at the end of the story?

-The story left me feeling really chilled and creeped out.

Monday, September 15, 2014

Lottery Blog Post Due: Monday, September 15th, 2014

1) Through “The Lottery,” what point does Shirley Jackson make about tradition?
  • Identify at least one piece of evidence to support your observation.
-Throughout “The Lottery,” Shirley Jackson makes it quite evident that although tradition may have been useful in the past, sometimes certain things become useless and need to be disregarded. The author makes this evident when she mentions the “other towns” that have done away with this tradition. Shirley Jackson also shows us that many people are oblivious to the wrongs of their traditions, until it negatively affects them! An example of this moral would be Tessie. She was one of the most impatient people in the crowd, eager to get on with the stoning. It wasn’t until Tessie realized that her life would be impacted that she felt that the system was unfair, and wrong. This moral can be applied to our everyday lives! People are so quick to jump on the bandwagon if it secures their safety, but as soon as it can hurt them they want to voice their opinion. Sadly, by then it is too late, because everyone around you is doing to you what you would have done to them. And Tessie learned that the hard way.

2) What foreshadowing clues does Shirley Jackson incorporate into her story?
-Shirley Jackson drops subtle clues about what is going to happen later on in the story. Little hints like, the boys gathering rocks, the “tradition” being discarded in other towns, and the overall murky tone amongst the people (at the beginning of the story); let you know that the lottery was not an event we particularly expected. 

3) What is the setting for “The Lottery”? Why is that so important to the theme of the story?
-“The Lottery” was depicted to take place on a beautiful summer’s day on June 27th. The reader views the town and its peoples to be very traditional; the children eagerly anticipate the summer and the adults partake in light gossip. This setting sets the reader up to feel as if “The Lottery” should depict a rather happy story. However, this setting takes an unexpected and ironic turn when we learn that the true meaning of the gathering is to kill one of their town members. Also, by omitting the year, we can only fathom when this story occurred. Did it happen in the past, present of future? We will never know!

4) What mood does “The Lottery” instill in its readers? How does it do this?
-The mood of the story changes as soon as the reader reads the conclusion. We shift from a very joyous feel to one of horror and surprise.  The story does a great job of creating this ironic feel by not revealing its true colors until the very end. We are set up to feel quite comfortable, but this feeling of comfort is soon ripped away when we learn of the town’s true motives. Subsequently, leaving the reader(s) to feel quite shocked and horrified at the actions of the townsfolk.

5) What do we know about when the lottery was started? 
-We don’t know much about the history of the lottery. What we do know is that its true meaning was lost a long time ago, but the people still partake in it due to a sense of tradition.

6) How do the townspeople feel about making changes to the lottery? How do you know?
-The townspeople are not too keen on making any changes to the lottery. Old man Warner, in particular, isn’t too fond of the towns that have done away with the lottery. He views the lottery as something that keeps the town civil, stating that without it the town would be synonymous to barbaric times. “There’s always been a lottery,” Old man Warner states, and its pretty evident that he and the town believe there always should be.

7) What is the general attitude of the townspeople as they wait for the lottery to begin?
-As the townspeople wait for the lottery to begin they are quite anxious. They are nervous to be called up, but likewise they are quite excited. Some are under a sense of security as to not being chosen, however the overall undertone is the fear of actually being chosen. 

8) What specific evidence in the text helped you determine this?
- Pieces of text such as “Mrs. Hutchinson reached her husband, and Mr. Summers, who had been waiting, said cheerfully. "Thought we were going to have to get on without you, Tessie." Mrs. Hutchinson said. grinning, "Wouldn't have me leave m'dishes in the sink, now, would you Joe?" and soft laughter ran through the crowd as the people stirred back into position after Mrs. Hutchinson's arrival.” As well as,“The people had done it so many times that they only half listened to the directions: most of them were quiet, wetting their lips, not looking around.”  These two pieces display the town as quite nervous for the event that was about to occur, however people like Tessie were quite secure in their position.

9) Is the lottery a collective act of murder? Is it morally justified? Is tradition sufficient justification for such actions? How would you respond to cultures that are different from ours that perform "strange" rituals?
-Personally, I do view the acts of the lottery to be inhumane and unjustified. However, this is a tradition unlike my own, and I do not feel I have the right to judge others on it. If it were me I would speak up and voice my negative opinions on this ritual, but ultimately this is their tradition, and it is highly unlikely that they would take the views of an outsider. To put this into better perspective I doubt that we would ever change our yearly holidays, such as halloween, thanksgiving, or even christmas, based on the views of another. So what makes this any different in the case of “The Lottery”? 

10) What genre of literature would you classify this story?  Why?
-Personally, I would classify this story as horror. The reason being, it is the type of story that inflicts fear. It causes you to gasp  as you think of the twisted nature of their tradition. It causes you to cringe as you think about how long this has been going on, and how many lives it has consumed. It causes you tremble at the origin of this holiday. And lastly, it causes you to shudder as you begin to contemplate how you would react in such situation. All of these emotions embody a horror, and “The Lottery” is respectfully so.